Anchoring With Care
WHAT IS THE ISSUE?
Anchoring is an essential part of boating, whether you are stopping for lunch or sheltering from stormy conditions. It is important for recreational boaters to be aware of protected seabed habitats around the coastline and ensure best practice is adopted to help minimise any impacts anchoring activities can have on these sensitive habitats.
Since July 2019, the RYA and The Green Blue along with other organisations have partnered with Natural England as part of a four year EU LIFE funded project known as LIFE Recreation ReMEDIES Project. As part of this project The Green Blue programme is helping to raise awareness of the importance of seagrass and maerl seabed habitats and the best practice recreational boating can adopt to help preserve and restore these habitats.
Why do key habitats and species need our protection?
Intertidal and subtidal sandbanks and mudflats of European importance are habitats to a number of protected species such as seahorses, stalked jellyfish and rare seaweeds.
Seagrass and Maerl beds are key habitats of the seabed, most at risk from damage and many sites in the UK are currently classed in unfavourable condition.
Seagrass (Zostera species)
- One of the most rapidly declining habitats on earth
- Scarce in UK seas
- Provide important nursery grounds for fish
- Healthy seagrass beds store significant amounts of carbon from the atmosphere, helping mitigate climate change impacts.
- Seagrass helps anchor and stabilise sediment reducing coastal erosion.
Maerl beds (Phymatolithon calcareum)
- Slow growing (<1mm/yr.) and are very fragile.
- Have a very limited distribution in England.
- Creates a very diverse habitat and supports an abundance of species.
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
Make sure that anchoring causes as little damage as possible to the seabed by following four simple steps:
- Choose an anchorage away from protected seabed habitats wherever possible (e.g. away from seagrass, reefs, shellfish beds, etc.). To help you locate where Seagrass is located within four of the LIFE ReMEDIES Project Sites in England as well as the location of Maerl Beds throughout the UK, scroll down to find the ‘UK Seagrass and Maerl Bed Locations’ section.
- Deploy your anchor correctly to avoid drag:
- Use the appropriate length of chain and warp to help reduce scouring of the seabed; Just Chain: 4 x Max Depth and Chain and Warp: 6 x Max Depth
- If your anchor is dragging, raise it and re-anchor; and
- If it continues to drag, choose a different anchorage.
- Even if you think the anchor is holding well, check it periodically to make sure it is not dragging.
- Raise your anchor correctly when leaving:
- Check to see how the boat is lying;
- If the boat is pulling back away from the anchor, you may need to slowly motor towards the anchor as the crew pulls in the slack and raises the anchor;
- Good crew communication is essential to avoid overrunning and fouling the prop; and
- Bring the anchor and line on-board, and stow it away ready for immediate redeployment.
What else can you do to help?
It is also important to plan your approach with care to avoid damaging your boat, your pride and the seabed!
- Know your depth and draft – smaller craft can reach shallower areas.
- Check the tides – if in doubt slow down and use extra caution when boating on a low tide.
- If you run into a seagrass flat, you will leave a sediment trail behind your boat, making the water murky and probably cutting seagrass fronds or roots. Stop immediately and lift your engine. Paddle away until clear. Never use your engine to force your way through, it will damage the seagrass and your engine!
- If you run aground on seagrass, wait for the tide to lift you off again. Excessive use of the throttle in an effort to shift the boat will cause significant damage to the seagrass.
UK SEAGRASS AND MAERL BED LOCATIONS
If you are planning a boating trip why not find out where these protected seagrass and maerl beds are located to better inform you of where to be more vigilant when considering an anchorage spot.
Use these interactive maps to help locate seagrass and maerl beds across the UK:
- Seagrass (Zostera Linnaeus) Locations – MPA Reality Check Map – Select ‘seagrass’ in layers tab.
- Maerl (lithothamnion corallioides) Locations – National Biodiversity Network Atlas
Seagrass locations in four of the LIFE Recreation ReMEDIES Project sites (Isles of Sicily, Falmouth and Helford Estuaries, Plymouth Sound and Estuaries and the Solent) can also be seen in the maps below:
PLYMOUTH SOUND AND ESTUARIES
SEAGRASS AND MAERL LOCATIONS
FALMOUTH AND HELFORD ESTUARIES
ISLES OF SICILY