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Antifoul

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Ref Title (Author) Year Document

Source
Link
1450 Risk Analysis: vessel biofouling 2011 Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, New Zealand Link
1416 Antifouling strategies: history and regulation, ecological impacts and mitigation.  Viewpoint 2011 Marine Pollution Bulletin 62 453-465 Link
1484 Cleaning up marine antifouling 2010 Materials KTN Report Link
1477 Marine Pollution from antifouling paint particles 2010 Marine Pollution from antifouling paint particles Link
1439 Introduction and Challenges.  Presentation at Cleaning up Marine Antifouling 2010 IMarEst
1398 Bibliography of aquatic studies on copper and antifouling paints (1980 to present) 2010 Port of Sandiego
1244 Toxicity of anti-fouling paints for use on ships and leisure boats to non-target organisms representing three trophic levels. (Karlsson J., Ytreberg E., and Eklund B.) 2010 Environmental Pollution 158 pp.681–687
1408 The use of copper as a biocide in marine antifouling paints 2009 Advances in Marine Antifouling Coatings and Technologies Link
1363 Effects of the copper-based antifouling paint ”Fabi” on growth of the red alga 2009 Södertörn University, Department of Life Sciences.

Bachelor Thesis 15 hp Environmental Science
1487 A review of the use of coatings to mitigate biofouling in freshwater 2009 Bonneville Power Administration and the Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission Portland Statue University Center for Lakes and Reservoirs.
1009 Accumulation of Cu and Zn from antifouling paint particles by the marine macroalga, Ulva lactuca. (Turner A., Pollock H., and Brown M. T.) 2009 Environmental Pollution

157 (8-9), pp. 2314-2319
1061 Conceptual issues in designing a policy to phase out metal-based antifouling paints on recreational boats in San Diego Bay. (Carson R.T., Damon M., Johnson L.T., Gonzalez J.A.) 2009 Journal of Environmental Management, 90, pp.2460–2468
1134 Leaching of copper and zinc from spent antifouling paint particles. (Singh N. and Turner A.)  2009 Environmental Pollution,  157(2), pp.371-6.
1135 Leaching of hydrophobic Cu and Zn from discarded marine antifouling paint residues: Evidence for transchelation of metal pyrithiones. (Holmes L. and Turner A.) 2009 Environmental Pollution, 157 (12), pp.3440-3444
1202 Processing of antifouling paint particles by Mytilus edulis. (Turner A., Barrett M., and Brown M. T ) 2009 Environmental Pollution, 157, pp. 215–220
1265 Bioaccessibility of metals in soils and dusts contaminated by marine antifouling paint particles. (Turner A, Singh N, Richards J. P.) 2009 Environmental pollution,  157 (5), pp.1526-1532. Link
1269 Conceptual issues in designing a policy to phase out metal-based antifouling paints on recreational boats in San Diego. (Carson R. T., Damon M., Johnson L. T., Gonzalez J.)  2009 Journal of Environmental Management Link
1275 Ecotoxicity of the degradation products of triphenylborane pyridine (TPBP) antifouling agent. (Okamura H, Kitano S, Toyota S, Harino H, Thomas K. V.) 2009 Chemosphere,  74(9), pp.1275-8. Link
1278 Effects of the antifouling compound, Irgarol 1051, on a simulated estuarine salt marsh ecosystem. (DeLorenzo M. E., Pennington P. L., Chung K. W., Finnegan M. C., Fulton M. H.) 2009 Ecotoxicology, 18(2), pp. 250-8.  Link
1282 Evaluation of dihydrooroidin as an antifouling additive in marine paint.  (Melander C., Moeller P. D. R., Ballard E. T., Richards J. J., Huigens R. W. III, Cavanagh J.) 2009 International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63 (4) pp.  529-532 Link
1293 Impact of the antifouling agent Irgarol 1051 on marine phytoplankton species.  (Buma A.G.J., Sjollema S.B., van de Poll W.H., Klamer H.J.C., Bakker J.F.) 2009 Journal of Sea Research,  61 (3), pp.133-139 Link
1311 Predicted concentrations of biocides from antifouling paints in Visakhapatnam Harbour. (Mukherjee A., Mohan Roa K. V., Ramesh U. S.)  2009 Journal of Environmental Management

 90 (Supp.1) pp. S51-S59
Link
1452 A growing body of evidence shows that Irgarol and other biocides present a toxic threat to vulnerable freshwater organisms 2009 Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (17) Link
1333 Trace metals in antifouling paint particles and their heterogeneous contamination of coastal sediments. (Singh N. and Turner A.) 2009 Marine Pollution Bulletin.  58(4), pp.559-64. Link
1473 Leaching of copper and zinc from spent antifouling paint particles 2008 Environmental Pollution 157(2):371-6 Link
1451 Long-term effects of the antifouling booster biocide Irgarol 1051 on periphyton, plankton and ecosystem function in freshwater pond mesocosms 2008 Aquatic Toxicology.  90 109-120 Link
1433 Copper Q & A’s.  Press Release issued by International Yachtpaint 14th January  2008. 2008 Science of the Total Environment 258, 103– 110
1427 Physiological responses of Ulva pertusa and U. armoricana to copper exposure 2008 Aquatic Toxicology 86, 176– 184
1420 Poly(ethylene glycol)-Containing hydrogel surfaces for antifouling applications in marine and freshwater environments 2008 Biomacromolecules 9 (10) 2755-2783 Link
1415 Taxonomical analysis at the location Constance Yacht Club e.V. (KYC, BW005)  2008 Fouling-Atlas registered association, Hamburg/Norderney, Germany Link
1401 Synergistic toxic effects of zinc pyrithione and copper to three marine species: implications on setting appropriate water quality criteria 2008 Marine Pollution Bulletin 57 616-623 Link
1390 Long-term effects of the antifouling booster biocide Irgarol 1051 on periphyton, plankton and ecosystem function freshwater pond  mesocosms 2008 Aquatic Toxicology, Volume 90, Issue 2
1389 Leaching of copper and zinc from spent antifouling paint particles 2008 Environmental Pollution
1019 Antifoulings: The Legislative Position By Country 2008. (Anon) 2008 IMO
1123 mpacts of boat paint chips on the distribution and availability of copper in an English Ria. (Turner A., Fitzer S., and Glegg G.) 2008 Environmental Pollution 151 p. 176-181
1168 Myrrh-derived terpenoids as inhibitors of marine biofouling. (Pope E. C., Ali A., Conlan S. L., Bowen A. D., Clare A. S., Rowley A. F.) 2008 Aquatic Biology 4 pp.175–185
1231 Synergistic toxic effects of zinc pyrithione and copper to three marine species: Implications on setting appropriate water quality criteria. (Bao V.W.W., Leung K.M.Y., Kwok K.W.H., Zhang A.Q., Lui G.C.S. ) 2008 Marine Pollution Bulletin, 57, pp.616–623
1274 Distribution of antifouling biocides in California marinas. (Sapozhnikova Y, Wirth E, Singhasemanon N, Bacey J, Fulton M.) 2008 Journal of environmental monitoring, 10 (9), pp.1069-1075, Link
1309 Occurrence and persistence of antifouling biocide Irgarol 1051 and its main metabolite in the coastal waters of Southern England.  (Zhou J. L) 2008 Science of The Total Environment,  406 (1-2) pp. 239-246  Link
1328 The legal design of the international and European Union ban on tributyltin antifouling paint: Direct and indirect effects.  (Gipperth L.) 2008 Journal of Environmental Management Link
1478 Impacts of boat paint chips on the distribution and availability of copper in an English ria 2007 Environmental Pollution, 151 (1), 176-181 Link
1425 Physiology is pivotal for interactions between salinity and acute copper toxicity to fish and invertebrates 2007 Aquatic Toxicology, 84 (2), 162-172
1469 Managing the Use of Copper-Based Antifouling Paints 2007 Environ. Manage. 39:423-441 Link
1407 Effects of dissolved organic carbon on the toxicity of copper to the developing embryos of the pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) 2007 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26 (8)1756 - 1763) Link
1404 Toxicity of the booster biocide Sea-Nine to the early developmental stages of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus 2007 Aquatic Toxicology

Volume 83, Issue 1
Link
1007 A study of testing the toxicity of environmentally friendly marine cleaning products by testing on the germination and the growth Fucus serratus. (Frapsauce A.) 2007 BSc Thesis, University of Portsmouth
1068 Copper Speciation Survey from UK Marinas, Harbours and Estuaries. (Jones B. & Bolam T.) 2007 Marine Pollution Bulletin 54 pp.1127–1138
1119 Heavy metals in the River Hamble. (Grant C.F.) 2007 MSc Thesis University of Southampton
1273 Dissolved organic carbon reduces the toxicity of copper to germlings of the macroalgae, Fucus vesiculosus. (Brooks, S., Bolam, T., Tolhurst, L., Bassett, J., LaRoche, J., Waldock, M., Barry, J., Thomas, K.) 2007 Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Link
1301 Managing the Use of Copper-Based Antifouling Paints. (Srinivasan M.  and Swain G. W.) 2007 Journal of Environmental Management  39 (3) pp. 423-441 Link
1332 Toxicity of four antifouling biocides and their mixtures on the brine shrimp Artemia salina.  (Koutsaftis A. and Aoyama I.) 2007 Science of The Total Environment Link
1472 Effects of coating roughness and biofouling on ship resistance and powering 2007 Biofouling 23, 331–341 Link
1441 KEMl Report 2/06: Chemical Substances in Antifouling Paints 2006 Swedish Chemicals Agency, Sundbyberg, Sweden Link
1412 Modern approaches to marine antifouling coatings 2006 Surface and Coatings Technology. 201:3642-3652 Link
1079 Ecological Change in Freshwaters Following Persistent Antifouling Biocide Contamination. (Waterways Strategy 2006 Waterways Strategy
1096 Environmental Management of Hull Fouling in Cardiff Bay Pt. 1. (Bartlett E.) 2006 MSc Thesis University of Glamorgan
1097 Environmental Management of Hull Fouling in Cardiff Bay Pt. 2. (Bartlett E.) 2006 MSc Thesis University of Glamorgan
1164 Modern approaches to marine antifouling coatings. (Chambers, L.d., Stokes, K.R., Walsh, F.C., Wood, R.J.K.) 2006 Surface & Coatings Technology 201 p.3642–3652
1387 Assessment of the risk posed by the antifouling booster biocides Irgarol 1051 and diuron to freshwater macrophytes. 2006 Chemosphere 63 734-743
1260 Antifouling Compounds. Fusetani N., Clare A. S.) 2006 Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology, Vol. 42 (book) Link
1490 Responses of polychaete Hydroides elegans life stages to copper stress 2005 Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 285:89-96
1430 Marine Biodiversity; Marine Life Topic Note. 2005 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom and The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland
1426 Monitoring of the booster biocide dichlofluanid in water and marine sediment of Greek marinas 2005 Chemosphere 60 (9)  1316-1324
1125 Information for Boaters - Baby your bottom! (Environment Canada (Environment Protection Branch) 2005 Environment Canada
1126 Information for Boatyards - Don't Foul things up! (Environment Canada (Environment Protection Branch) 2005 Environment Canada
1266 Bioassays and selected chemical analysis of biocide-free antifouling coatings. (Watermann, BT, Daehne, B, Sievers, S, Dannenberg, R, Overbeke, JC, Klijnstra, JW and Heemken, O) 2005 Chemosphere 60 pp. 1530-1541 Link
1491 Antifouling technology-past, present and future steps towards efficient and environmentally friendly antifouling coatings. 2004 Progress in Organic Coatings. 50:75-104
1460

Effects of zinc pyrithione and copper pyrithione on microbial community function and structure in sediments

2004 Chemistry 23 (4)  921–928 Link
1449 Seasonal variations in the effect of zinc pyrithione and copper pyrithione on pelagic phytoplankton communities 2004 Aquatic Toxicology 69 (2) 189-198 Link
1448 Indirect estimation of degradation time for zinc pyrithione and copper pyrithione in seawater 2004 Mar Pollut Bull. 48 (9-10):894-901 Link
1437 Nontoxic Antifouling Strategies Demonstration Project 2004 UCSGEP-SD Factsheet 04-2.  May 2004
1419 Comparative study on the susceptibility of freshwater species to copper-based pesticides 2004 Chemosphere 56 (4) 369-374
1402 Incorporation of zosteric acid into silicone coatings to deter fresh water bacteria attachment 2004 University of Akron
1380 Comparative study on the susceptibility of freshwater species to copper-based pesticides 2004 Chemosphere 56 369-374
1066 Copper emissions from antifouling paint on recreational vessels. (Schiff K., Diehl D., and Valkirs A.) 2004 Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, pp.371–377
1067 opper sources in urban runoff and shoreline activities. (Moran, K. D.)   2004 TDC Environmental
1174 Non-toxic antifouling strategies demonstration project. (Johnson L.T. and Miller J.A.) 2004 University of California Cooperative Extention; Sea Grant Extension Program
1395 Food & Environment Protection Act 1985 Part III Control of Pesticides Regulations 1986 Evaluation of fully approved or provisionally approved products zineb: 2004 Pesticides Directorate
1175 Non-toxic antifouling strategies economic incentives study. (Johnson L.T. and Miller J.A.) 2004 University of California Cooperative Extention; Sea Grant Extension Program
1261 Antifouling technology—past, present and future steps towards efficient and environmentally friendly antifouling coatings. (Meseguer, D, Kiil, YS and Dam-Johansen, K) 2004 Progress in Organic Coatings. 50 (2) pp.75-104 Link
1319 Seasonal variation in antifouling activity of crude extracts of the brown alga Bifurcaria bifurcata (Cystoseiraceae) against cyprids of Balanus amphitrite and the marine bacteria Cobetia marina and Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis. (Marechal J P, Culioli G, Hellio C, Thomas-Guyon H, Callow M E, Clare A S, Ortalo-Magné A) 2004 Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Link
1321 Silicones containing pendant biocides for antifouling coatings. (Thomas J., Choi S.B., Fjeldheim R. and Boudjouk P.) 2004 Biofouling 20 (4-5) pp. 227-36 Link
1327 The interactive effects of the antifouling herbicides Irgarol 1051 and Diuron on the seagrass Zostera marina. (Chesworth, JC, Donkin, ME and Brown, MT) 2004 Aquatic Toxicology 66 (3), pp.293-305 Link
1417 Statutory Order on Biocidal Antifouling Paint. 2003 Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of the Environment, København, Denmark. Link
1409 The development of a marine natural product-based antifoul paint 2003 Biofouling 2003 19 (supplement) 197 - 205 Link
1404 Comparison of the ecotoxicological impact of the triazines Irgarol 1051 and atrazine on microalgal cultures and natural microalgal communities in Lake Geneva 2003

Chemosphere

Volume 53, Issue 8,

Link
1461 Differential resistance to extended copper exposure in four introduced bryozoans 2006 Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 311, 103–114
1471 Copper emissions from antifouling paint on recreational vessels 2004 Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48 (3-4), 371-377
1462 Antifoulings am Bodensee - Überblick, Probleme und Alternativen.  2003 Auswirkungen Perspektiven Alternativen 22. September 2003 INTERBOOT, Messegelände Friedrichshafen Antifouling symposium   
1400 Subletal effects of copper on coho salmon: impacts on nonoverlapping receptor pathways in the peripheral olfactory nervous system 2003 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22 (10) 2266-2274
1394 Food & Environment Protection Act 1985 Part III Control of Pesticides Regulations 1986 Evaluation of fully approved or provisionally approved products evaluation on: booster biocides in antifouling products full review of dichlofluanid 2003 Pesticides Directorate
1392 Antifouling Symposium 2003 Auswirkungen Perspektiven Alternativen
1018 Antifoulings: The Legislative Position By Country 2003. (Anon) 2003 IMO
1166 Monitoring of Tributyl Tin Contamination in six Marine Inlets using Biological Indicators. (Minchin, D) 2003 Marine Environment and Health Series 6
1428 Report of a survey to investigate the use of antifouling Products (AFPs) in UK freshwaters 2002 Health & Safety Executive
1443 Effects of new antifouling compounds on the development of sea urchin 2002 Marine Pollution Bulletin 44, 748–751 Link
1017 Antifouling Systems. (ternational Maritime Organisation (IMO)) 2002 International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
1064 Contaminants and their effects on estuarine and coastal organisms in the United Kingdom in the late twentieth century. (Matthiessen P. and Law R. J.) 2002 Environmental Pollution 120 pp. 739–757
1232 he Development of a Marine Natural Product-based Antifouling Paint. (Burgess J. G., Boyd K. G., Armstrong E., Jiang Z., Yan L., Berggren M., May U., Pisacane T., Granmo A. and Adams D. R.) 2002 Biofouling, 19 (Supplement), pp 197–205
1483 Partitioning of selected antifouling biocides in the aquatic environment 2002 Marine Environmental Research 53 (1), 1-16 Link
1240 The revised GESAMP hazard evaluation procedure for chemical substances carried by ships. (GESAMP (IMO/FAO/UNESCO/WHO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP)) 2002 GESAMP (Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection)
1458 Toxic effects of Irgarol 1051 on phytoplankton and macrophytes in Lake Geneva 2002 Water Res. 36, 2020–2028 Link
1468 Tributyltin (TBT) and the decline of the Norfolk Broads. Final Report to the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 2001 DEFRA Link
1457 Public Release Summary on Evaluation of the new active Zinc  Pyrithione in the product International Intersmooth 360 Ecoloflex antifouling October 2001 2001 National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals. Canberra Australia
1344 Summary report to investigate antifouling products in UK freshwater 2001 Health and Safety Executive
1005 A simple guide to the biocidal products regulations. (Health and Safety Executive) 2001 Health and Safety Executive
1065 Copper Briefing Paper. (Water UK) 2001 Water UK
1103 Experience with TBT-free Antifouling Paint. (Nygren, C) 2001 Article for Shipping World & Shipbuilder
1227 Sediment-associated tri-n-butyltin chloride and its effects on osmoregulation of freshwater-adapted 0-group European flounder, Platichthys flesus (L.) (Hartl M.G.J., Hutchinson S. and Hawkins L.E.) 2001 Aquatic Toxicology 55  pp.125–136
1479 Pyrithiones as antifoulants: environmental chemistry and preliminary risk assessment 2000 Biofouling 15, 175–182 Link
1459 Phytotoxicity of the new antifouling compound Irgarol 1051 and a major degradation product 2000 Marine Pollution Bulletin 40, 754–763 Link
1434 Sea-nine antifoulant: an environmentally acceptable alternative to organotin antifoulants 2000 Science of the Total Environment 258, 103– 110 Link
1099 Evaluating biocide-free alternatives: testing of non-toxic antifouling paints on ships operating in coastal waters along the East-Frisian coast in Germany. (Daehne, B, Watermann, B, Haase, M, Michaelis, H, Isensee, J and Jakobs, R) 2000 WWF
1186 erformance of biocide-free antifouling paints - trials on deep-sea going vessels. Volume 1: Application of test paints and inspections. (Watermann, B, Daehne, B, Michaelis, H, Sievers, S, Dannenberg, R and Wiegemann, M) 2000 WWF
1012 Alternative antifouling techniques: present and future. (Watermann, B) 1999 LimnoMar; Hamberg
1083 Electromagnetic Antifouling Shield (EMAS) - A Promising Novel Antifouling Technique for Optical Systems. (Leya, T, Rother, A, Muller, T, Fuhr, G, Gropius, M and Watermann, B) 1999 10th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling
1435 Cooling water management in European power stations: Biology and control of fouling 1998 Hydroécologie Appliquée. 10:1-255
1476 Irgarol 1051, an antifouling compound in freshwater sediment and biota of Lake Geneva 1996 Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 57, 426–433 Link
1436 Post-establishment spread of large-scale invasions: dispersal mechanisms of the zebra-mussel Dreissena polymorpha 1996 Ecology 77: 1686- 1690 Link
1456 A review of the effects of heavy metals on freshwater mussels 1995 Ecotoxicology. 4:341-362 Link
1396 Toxic interactions between copper sulphate and some organic agrochemicals 1994 Toxicology Letters 70 (1) 109-119 Link
1429 Registration of Antifouling Coatings 1994 Health Canada, Ottawa
1085 missions of antifouling-biocides into the North Sea - an Estimation. (Isensee, J, Watermann, B and Berger, H-D) 1994 German Journal of Hydrography 46
1454 Toxicity of anti-fouling biocides to Parorchis acanthus (Digenea: Philophthalmidae) cercarial encystment 1993  Dis. Aquat. Org. 54, 55–60
1418 Antifouling Products. KEMI Report 2/93. 1993 The Swedish National Chemicals Inspectorate Link
1218 Review of current and future marine coatings. (Marine Safety Agency (MSA)) 1993 MCA Research Project 320
1445 Ecotoxicological Assessment of antifouling biocides and nonbiocidal antifouling paints 1991 Environmental Project No. 531 2000 Miljøprojekt. DHI Water & Environment, DEPA Link
1189 Pollution impacts from recreational boating: a bibliography and summary review. (Milliken, AS and Lee, V) 1990 Rhode Island Sea Grant
1424 Uptake and Effect of Copper and Cadmium on the Gonad of the Scallop P. magellanicus: Concurrent Metal Exposure 1988 Marine Biology, 97:217-223 Link
1466 Copper toxicity and copper tolerance in Enteromorpha compressa (L) Grev.. 1983 Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 69, 85–103 Link
1016 Anticipating the problems in aquatic weed control. (Barrett P.R.F.) nd P.R.F.Barrett, Consultant in Aquatic Plant Management
1059 Code of practice for antifouling and in-water hull cleaning and maintenance. (Scammell M S and Baker R) nd ANZECC Maritime Accidents and Pollution Implementation Group
1121 How antifouling paints work: different types of antifouling paints nd